Supernumerary teeth, referred to as hyperdontia, are simply extra teeth in the mouth. This condition is fairly uncommon and is seen more frequently with permanent teeth than baby teeth and, in most cases, may not cause problems. However, they can lead to misaligned bites and teeth crowding for certain patients. Our orthodontist in O’Fallon explains more below.
Symptoms of Hyperdontia
Supernumerary teeth generally don’t cause symptoms and can be observed over time to ensure they are not causing problems. If they begin to cause pain, our doctor will evaluate each case and make recommendations for surgery, extraction, or braces.
Causes of Supernumerary Teeth
There is a genetic component to growing extra teeth and they may simply be caused by the shape of the hard tissues in the mouth and jaw as well as the shape and size of the teeth themselves. However, they can be a symptom of another disorder, like cleft palate, or an indicator of a genetic syndrome. Your doctor will be able to diagnose and help determine if a genetic syndrome is the cause.
Common Issues and Treatments
If extra teeth start causing dental problems, they can manifest as:
- Crowding of the teeth (if there is not enough room for the extra teeth in the mouth)
- Displacement of surrounding teeth
- Misaligned bite
- Delay or failure of permanent teeth to erupt
- Nasal cavity eruption
These problems can be solved by pulling the extra teeth and using braces to correct a misaligned bite. If there is pain associated with supernumerary teeth, be sure to contact our doctor as soon as possible to get an evaluation, as these issues will become worse over time.
Contact Our Orthodontist in O’Fallon Today To Find Out More!
The information provided in this article is not meant to be medical advice and is for educational purposes only. If you would like to learn more about retainers or other topics related to orthodontics, feel free to contact Borello Orthodontics with convenient offices near O’Fallon by clicking here or by calling 636.628.2182.